Kiln Area Maintenance checklist

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Kiln Area Maintenance checklist

Kiln inlet seal

Finding:

   The track under the graphite block fabricated into 2 non machined quarters

   Worn out in kiln inlet cone, shovel, shelf and shelf plate.

cement kiln

cement kiln

 

kiln graphite block

kiln graphite block

worn out kiln shelf plate

worn out kiln shelf plate

Recommendation:

   Fabricate a machined tack under the graphite block into 2 machined halves

   Change kiln inlet cone, shovel, shelf and shelf plate

 

Outlet kiln shell

Finding:

  1. 5. The outlet section till meter 5, need to be changed due to deformation under the nose ring and tire at outlet side
  2. 6. High deformation in the old jacket
  3. 7. Lamella seal plates have been missed its elasticity as a result of insufficient sealing at kiln outlet so energy &production capacity will be loosed
  4. 8. Worn out of lamella seal plates
old jacket before repair

old jacket before repair

  1. 9. The erected retaining ring is not matched the original design. 12 pieces chamfered at both sides and also three holes have been drilled per each part
cement kiln plates

cement kiln plates

11.High deformation under tire, outlet side, grinded by removing about 2 cm

deformation kiln shell

deformation kiln shell

Important Note:

  Because of deformation at kiln outlet and repeated  fallen down of bricks, the ring plate beside nose ring plate transferred  80 cm towards the kiln inlet and change the original design to be a castable between the nose ring plate and ring plate to avoid the deformed part and in spite of that the castable fallen down several times.

  Now they will back again to the original design, that is good, but the outlet section still has a deformation so an outlet section is a mandatory to be fabricated to avoid any expected repeated damage  due to fallen down of bricks again

       As per original design the ring plates, six pieces, should be chamfered at castable side, straight at brick side and machined to be sure full contact with the kiln inner diameter to avoid any material attack through any expected gaps or grooves in case of none machined outside ring plate nor grinding inner diameter of kiln shell outlet section.

Recommendation:

  It is recommended to prepare an outlet section complete with new jacket, ring plates and nose ring plates as per original design to avoid fallen down brick again

Action has been taken

  Deformed jacket has been repaired and erected again

  Percentage about 40% of the total outlet lamella seal’s quantities hasn’t been changed and it was erected again.

  new quantities of lamella seal fabricated form stainless steel thick 3 mm which isn’t suitable for that application “Not have the spring steel properties”

old jacket kiln

old jacket kiln

  Grate Cooler1&2

  Finding:

    Worn out most of grates and side plates of grate 1 and grate 2

  There are two deformed movable beams, one at chamber 1”grate1” and the other at chamber 3 “grate2”

grate cooler cement kiln

grate cooler cement kiln

Recommendation:

    Change all grates and side plates of grate 1 and grate 2

   Change the deformed movable beams. No off 2, one at chamber 1 and the other at chamber 2

Action has been taken:

    Worn out plates of grate 1 and 2 have been repaired by stainless steel strips

 

Clinker Crusher

finding:

   Grate basket worn & some deformed & missed

   Liners worn.

   No concrete under crusher

   High wear in Grizzly bars

Recommendation

   Replace or repair grate basket completely.

   Replace or repair liners

   Concrete foundation must be repaired

clinker crusher

clinker crusher

worn liners grate cooler

worn liners grate cooler

grate cooler cement kilwn

grate cooler cement kilwn

Action has been taken

   Grizzly bars have been repaired

   Upper plates of grizzly bars have been repaired

grizzly bars grate cooler cement kiln

grizzly bars grate cooler cement kiln

Pan conveyor

Finding:

1- The free bearing of the drive sprocket have bad grease and the clearance of it is 1mm.

2- There is a metal flow in the drive sprocket segments.

3- The bolts of the drive sprockets segments which fix it with hub is very loose and some bolts not exist.

4- The driven sprocket bearings have clearance 0.3mm and the shafts have wear, where there is 0.4 mm clearance between bearing inner race and shaft, also the bearings condition is bad.

5- The fixation bolts which connect the buckets and chain links is very loose.

6- There are some bolts connect the chain links together need to be retighten.

7- The pan conveyor rollers have defected bearings (approximately 100 rollers).

8- There are a worn out and defected rails with length 30 m.

9- The coupling elements have high wear.

Recommendation:

1- Replace the free bearing for the drive sprocket due to high clearance.

2- Remove the metal flow in the drive sprockets segments.

3- Erect the missed bolts and re-tightens the loose bolts for the drive sprocket and it’s recommended to erect counter nuts for this bolts.

4- Replace the bearings of the driven sprockets and replace the broken housing.

5- Repair the shaft of the driven sprocket due worn out, where there is a clearance between the bearing inner race and shaft (0.4 mm).

6- Replace all loose fixation bolts which connect the buckets and chain links together.

7- Check the rails alignment.

8- Re-tight the bolts which connect the links together due to looseness.

9- Replace bearings of 100 roller, and check their shafts if they need replace.

10-  Replace the worn out, deformed and defected pan conveyor rails.

11-  Replace the coupling element due to high wear and replace its rings keepers.

clinker panconveyor sprocket

clinker panconveyor sprocket

cement kiln clinker cooler panconveyor

cement kiln clinker cooler panconveyor

Action has been taken

1- The worn out, deformed and defected rails have been replace with length

30m approximately.

2- About 200 buckets have been replaced with its bolts.

3- About 9 rollers have been changed

4- Loosen bolts have been performed

 

1-Main Burner

Main burner hoses

Finding:

cement kiln main burner

cement kiln main burner

   There is a high leakage due to worn out in pipe’s thread inlet to the main burner and also worn out in hose end

    Very low leakage in quick fitting

Recommendation:

    Change the deformed hose

    Prepare a set of hoses as spare

    Prepare a quick fitting as a spare

Action has been taken:

   Thread pipe connection 10 cm length has been welded at the pipe  inlet to the main burner as a male thread and the hose has been assembled to it

2-Grate cooler

Cooler grate 1&2

Finding:

   The disposing of scrap material is done by turning the kiln and thrown it away through the cooler plates, crusher and collecting it from pan conveyor. That may damage the cooler gate plates, crusher, pan conveyor and also affecting the hydraulic circuit operation

   Disposing of scrap has been performed due to heating up, as a result of that one of the  waste components which is AL2O3-80% bricks chemically interact with spinal bricks “basic refractories are located at meter 37” ,so that partial corrosion in spinal bricks and fallen down sticky material upon cooler plates has been occurred

   There is a contact between deformed movable beam, chamber 3 grate2&chamber1 grate 1 and fixed beam When the  two grates 1&2 have been put into operation

    Two movable plates have been stucked  in grate 2

   Repeated stop of grate 1 or grate 2 or both of them at grate cooler’s  loading specially in return stroke

Important note:

   Cold run for grate 2 has been performed for five hours before heating up and all bolts have been retighten. All hydraulic parameters  are in normal condition

   Cold run for grate 1 has been performed for four hours before heating up and all bolts have been retighten. All hydraulic parameters  are in normal condition

    Both grates 1&2 have been put in to operation for 3 hours during heating up before kiln feeding.

All hydraulic parameters  are in normal condition

Recommendation:

   It is recommended to dispose of scrap through a dust chute beside the handrail and discarding the waste through trucks to open yard.

    Change both deformed movable beams and replace the two movable stucked plates

    All hydraulic circuit components  should be checked and reviewed

Action has been taken:

   The stroke of the grate 2’s piston, chamber 3, has been readjusted again to be little bit less than 7 cm to avoid the contact between the movable beam and the next fixed beam. Also the same for chamber 1 grate 1 but the stroke has been readjusted to be little bit more than 7 cm

grate1

grate1

    The cooler plates and two movable beams have been repaired

grate2

grate2

grate cooler repair

grate cooler repair

deformation beam grate cooler

deformation beam grate cooler

removing waste

removing waste

waste scraps grate cooler

waste scraps grate cooler

anchors kiln

anchors kiln

All hydraulic circuit has been reviewed. For grate 1, two return valves have been reviewed.  Proportional valve, oil circuit block with valve block and pump has been replaced. For grate 2, proportional valve has been changed and also readjusting the two

check valves direction in proper position

proportional valve grate cooler

proportional valve grate cooler

Proposal for housekeeping the waste and scrap of overhaul inside the kiln:

   Short run proposal: fabrication a chute in the first floor in front of the kiln door beside the handrail. Remove the waste and scrap from inside  kiln by a mini loader, thrown away through that chute, collecting it from the ground and discarding the waste through trucks to open yard

    Long run proposal: In addition to the short run proposal, a manhole should be fabricated in the

kiln section in case if there is any necessity to change that kiln section

proposal to install new chute

proposal to install new chute

 

if you have any inquiry about the Kiln Maintenance please don’t hesitate to contact us

Email : project20062015@gmail.com 

 

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